The Bicaz Gorges - Hasmas Mountain National Park
Tel./Fax: +40 266 336 540
E-mail: pnbicaz@mciuc.rosilva.ro Address: Izvoru Mureșului Nr. 664

Biodiversity


The natural frame of the Hasmas massif, with its varied geologic, geomorphologic, pedologic  and climactic elements, its microclimactic conditions determined by the exposure and bend of slopes , the great level difference ( from 575 m in the valley of the Bicaz  at Bicaz Chei, to 1792 m at the top of the Hasmasu Mare ) determine the existence of a rich and diverse  flora and fauna.
As a result of field investigation and according to extant bibliographic data, 1147 superior plant species have been inventaried ( 29 hibrids and 99 subspecies )
The PNCB - H has spruce forests  ( pure spruce forests - 95% ) resinous forests with beech on the mountain slopes, vaste montaneous pastures , peaks with sub - alpine vegetation , rocky parts with specific vegetation , many rare and endemic flowers.
Specific to this region is the local endemic plant  Astragalus.pseudopurpureus ( gusul )
Many rare species can be seen here, among which are: the juniper( Juniperus sabina )  the pyramidal bugle ( Ajuga pyramidalis ) , the low tufted perennial Silene zawadzkii, the Geum - like - barren strawberry ( Waldsteinia geoides ) and the rose Daphne ( Daphne cneorum ).
 Of a great scientific importance are the law - protected plants, declared monuments of nature:the Yellow Lady's Slipper( Cypripedium calceolus ),  the Edelweis ( Leontopodium alpinum ) the Nigritella rubra ( orchidacee ) and the yew ( Taxus baccata )
The fauna of the park is very rich in rare and endangered species  and also in other species characteristic for the mountain region.
Here are some of these rare species , which are important links of a rich trophic network, pointing towards a still well - balanced echosystem. : the Apollo butterfly ( Parnassius apollo )and the Polygonia alba. There are also amphibians and reptiles , such as  Bombina variegata ( the yellow bellied toad ), Rana ridibunda ( the lake frog ) Triturus alpestris ( the Alpine newt ) , Triturus cristatus ( the crested newt ) , the Triturus montadoni ( the carpathian newt ) , the Salamandra salamandra ( salamander ) , the Bufo bufo ( the toad ) , the Rana temporaria ( the common frog ) the Lacerta vivipara ( the viviparous lizard ), the Vipera berus ( common viper ), the Coronella austriaca ( the smooth snake ). There are also birds such as Tichodroma muraria ( the wallcreeper ), Picoides tridactylus ( the woodpecker ) ,  Emberiza cia ( the rock Bunting ),  Corvus corax ( common raven )  Tetrao urogallus ( Old World grouse ), Strix uralensis ( the Ural owl )  Aquila chrysaetos ( the golden eagle ).
There can be found also some mammals in the region: Cervus elaphus ( the red deer )  Rupicapra rupicapra ( the wild alpine goat )  Ursus arctos ( the bear )  Lynx lynx ( lynx ) and  Canis lupus ( the wolf )